Subsystem Trace Distance in Conformal Field Theory (Jun. 6, 2019)

  • Published: 2019-05-27

Time & Date: 15:00, Jun. 6 (Thur.), 2019

Venue: Rm. S401, Kavli ITS Meeting Room, UCAS [View Map]



Speaker: Jiaju Zhang (SISSA)



We develop a systematic method to calculate the trace distance between two reduced density matrices in 1+1 dimensional quantum field theories. The approach exploits the path integral representation of the reduced density matrices and an ad hoc replica trick. We then extensively apply this method to the calculation of the distance between reduced density matrices of one interval of length \ell in eigenstates of conformal field theories. When the interval is short, using the operator product expansion of twist operators, we obtain a universal form for the leading order in \ell of the trace distance. We compute the trace distances among the reduced density matrices of several low lying states in two-dimensional free massless boson and fermion theories. We compare our analytic conformal results with numerical calculations in XX and Ising spin chains finding perfect agreement.


References: Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 141602 (2019) and work in progress


Speaker invited by: Ya-Wen Sun