Time: 09:30 am (UTC/GMT+08:00, Beijing/Shanghai), May 6 (Wedn.), 2020
Online Meeting Room (zoom.us): Click here to join the meeting
Meeting ID: 998-2081-9898
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Speaker: Xiao-Liang Qi (Stanford)
In a quantum measurement process, classical information about the measured system spreads throughout the environment. Meanwhile, quantum information about the system becomes inaccessible to local observers. Here we prove a result about quantum channels indicating that an aspect of this phenomenon is completely general. We show that for any evolution of the system and environment, for everywhere in the environment excluding an O(1)-sized region we call the “quantum Markov blanket,” any locally accessible information about the system must be approximately classical, i.e. obtainable from some fixed measurement. The result strengthens the earlier result of Brand˜ao et al. (Nat. comm. 6:7908 ) in which the excluded region was allowed to grow with total environment size. It may also be seen as a new consequence of the principles of nocloning or monogamy of entanglement. Our proof offers a constructive optimization procedure for determining the “quantum Markov blanket” region, as well as the effective measurement induced by the evolution. Alternatively, under channel-state duality, our result characterizes the marginals of multipartite states.